What? A team of computer vision researchers have developed software to manipulate video images of complex facial movements in real time. The tool, called Face2Face, has attracted widespread media attention and was profiled at the June, 2016 Institute of Electrical & Electronic Engineers (IEEE) Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition.
So what? Technological advances are making it increasingly difficult to tell whether or not a video is authentic. Sophisticated video, and voice, manipulation technologies could have broad effects, including in political communication, journalism, the justice system, and relations between individuals. Also, the related development of affective computing—including the analysis of facial expression, heartbeat, and body temperature—could improve lie detection, and emotion and mood interpretation.